As you will see, there are many components to a guitar, some of which you will never even know they're there. However, they still play an important role in the sound of your guitar.
Below, are the major parts that you will need to familiarize yourself with, if you don't already know.
The headstock, or tuner head, can be adorned with standard tuners or slot tuners. Seen above is a slothead.
The Rosette is the decorative ring around the soundhole.
The binding and perfling are the decorative strips of materials that encircle the body. Fretboards and headstocks can also be bound.
The tail wedge is the material at the end of the guitar and can compliment other materials used on the guitar.
Necks are reinenforced with truss rods that strengthen the neck and allow it to be adjusted. Necks can be made with a few types of wood but most of the time Honduran Mahogany is used.
The possibilities for fretboard markers are endless. A variety of shell materials and styles can add a distinct look to your guitar. Typically, Mother of Pearl, or Abalone is used. Small side fretboard markers are also installed allowing the player to see where fret locations are.
The soundboard is the main component of the guitar that transforms the vibrational force of the strings into sound. Different materials directly effect the type of sound the guitar makes. The bracing underneath has to be carefully "voiced" to maximize the woods' capability while sustaining structural integrity.
The back and side tonewood do not have as large of an effect on the tone as the top does, but, in a sense, flavors and sculpts the type of sound the top produces. Bracing adds strength and resonance.
The Bridge transfers the vibration of the strings through the saddle (Camel bone) and into the soundboard. The fundamental and overtone sounds then bounce off of the back and sides and out through the soundhole.
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